Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

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ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
New Residential Investment Corp. (together with its subsidiaries, “New Residential,” or “the Company”) is a Delaware corporation that was formed as a limited liability company in September 2011 for the purpose of making real estate related investments and commenced operations on December 8, 2011. New Residential is an independent publicly traded real estate investment trust (“REIT”) primarily focused on investing in residential mortgage related assets. New Residential is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “NRZ.”
 
New Residential has elected and intends to qualify to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As such, New Residential will generally not be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on that portion of its net income that is distributed to stockholders if it distributes at least 90% of its REIT taxable income to its stockholders by prescribed dates and complies with various other requirements. See Note 18 - Income Taxes, for additional information regarding New Residential’s taxable REIT subsidiaries.
 
New Residential, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries New Residential Mortgage LLC (“NRM”) and NewRez LLC (“NewRez”), is licensed or otherwise eligible to service residential mortgage loans in all states within the United States and the District of Columbia. Each of NRM and NewRez is also approved to service mortgage loans on behalf of investors, including the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) (collectively, Government Sponsored Enterprises or “GSEs”) and, solely in the case of NewRez, Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”). NewRez is also eligible to perform servicing on behalf of other servicers (subservicing).

NewRez currently originates, sells and securitizes, or has in the past originated, sold, and securitized, conventional (conforming to the underwriting standards of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac; collectively referred to as “Agency” loans), government-insured (Federal Housing Administration (“FHA”) and Department of Veterans Affairs (“VA”), and U.S Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) and non-qualified (“Non-QM”) residential mortgage loans. The GSEs or Ginnie Mae guarantee securitizations are completed under their applicable policies and guidelines. New Residential generally retains the right to service the underlying residential mortgage loans sold and securitized by NewRez. NRM and NewRez are required to conduct aspects of their operations in accordance with applicable policies and guidelines published by FHA, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in order to maintain those approvals.

New Residential has entered into a management agreement (the “Management Agreement”) with FIG LLC (the “Manager”), an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group LLC (“Fortress”), pursuant to which the Manager provides a management team and other professionals who are responsible for implementing New Residential’s business strategy, subject to the supervision of New Residential’s board of directors. For its services, the Manager is entitled to management fees and incentive compensation, both defined in, and in accordance with the terms of, the Management Agreement.

As of March 31, 2020, New Residential conducted its business through the following segments: (i) Origination, (ii) Servicing, (iii) MSR Related Investments, (iv) Residential Securities and Loans, (v) Consumer Loans and (vi) Corporate.
 
Approximately 2.4 million shares of New Residential’s common stock were held by Fortress, through its affiliates, as of March 31, 2020. In addition, Fortress, through its affiliates, held options relating to approximately 10.9 million shares of New Residential’s common stock as of March 31, 2020.
 
Interim Financial Statements

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP’’ or “US GAAP”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of New Residential and its consolidated subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. New Residential consolidates those entities in which it has control over significant operating, financial and investing decisions of the entity, as well as those entities deemed to be variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in which New Residential is determined to be the primary beneficiary. For entities over which New Residential exercises significant influence, but which do not meet the requirements for consolidation, New Residential uses the equity method of accounting whereby it records its share of the underlying income of such entities. Distributions from equity method investees are classified in the Condensed Statements of Cash Flows based on the
cumulative earnings approach, where all distributions up to cumulative earnings are classified as distributions of earnings. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.

Use of Estimates

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic related to the rapidly spreading coronavirus (“COVID-19”) outbreak, which has led to a global health emergency. In response to this outbreak, the governments of many countries have taken preventive and protective actions, such as restricting travel and business operations. Financial markets have also experienced extreme volatility and disruptions to capital and credit markets. As a result, economic uncertainties have arisen which have impacted and could continue to impact the Company’s operations and its financial position. The extent of the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, regulatory and private sector responses, and the impact on the Company’s customers, workforce, and vendors, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted.

The Company believes the estimates and assumptions underlying its condensed consolidated financial statements are reasonable and supportable based on the information available as of March 31, 2020; however, uncertainty over the ultimate impact COVID-19 will have on the global economy generally, and the Company’s business in particular, makes any estimates and assumptions as of March 31, 2020 inherently less certain than they would be absent the current and potential impacts of COVID-19. Actual results may materially differ from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“CECL”). The standard requires that a financial asset measured at amortized cost basis be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, net of an allowance for all expected (rather than incurred) credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. The standard also changes the accounting for purchased credit deteriorated assets and available-for-sale securities, which requires the recognition of credit losses through a valuation allowance when fair value is less than amortized cost, regardless of whether the impairment is considered to be other-than-temporary. The standard provides an option to elect the fair value option for certain investments as an alternative to adopting ASU 2016-13. Lastly, an entity is required to apply ASU 2016-13 using the modified retrospective approach which requires a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The standard was effective for New Residential in the first quarter of 2020. Upon adoption of the standard, New Residential elected the fair value option on its held for investment residential mortgage and consumer loans portfolios. As a result, the Company recognized a positive adjustment of $13.7 million to retained earnings, composed of an $19.7 million increase attributable to the change in the fair value of consumer loans, net of noncontrolling interests, partially offset by a $6.0 million decrease attributable to the change in fair value of residential mortgage loans. For servicer advance investments and receivables, the Company determined credit-related losses are not significant because of the contractual relationships with the agencies. For other assets, primarily trade receivables, the Company determined that these are short-term in nature (less than one year), and the estimated credit-related losses over the life of these receivables are not significant. 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350). The standard simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment for all entities by requiring impairment charges to be based on the first step in the current two-step impairment test. Under the new guidance, an impairment charge, if triggered, is calculated as the difference between a reporting unit’s carrying value and fair value, but it is limited to the carrying value of goodwill. ASU 2017-04 was effective for New Residential in the first quarter of 2020. New Residential early adopted the standard starting in 2019. The adoption of ASU 2017-04 did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820). The standard: (i) adds incremental requirements for entities to disclose (a) the amount of total gains or losses for the period recognized in other comprehensive income that is attributable to fair value changes in assets and liabilities held as of the balance sheet date and categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, (b) the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs and (c) how the weighted average was calculated for fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy and (ii) eliminates disclosure requirements for (a) transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 and (b) valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU 2018-13 was effective for New Residential in the first quarter of 2020. The adoption of ASU 2018-13 did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

On December 18, 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2019-12,Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, as part of its overall simplification initiative. Amendments include removal of certain exceptions to the general principles of ASC 740, Income Taxes, and simplification in several areas including accounting for franchise taxes and step-up in tax basis goodwill. While not required to be adopted until 2021, New Residential early adopted this guidance in 2019. The adoption of ASU No. 2019-12 did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.